DDR5 vs. DDR6: Advantages and Disadvantages

Key Takeaways

  • DDR5 offers improved stability, reliability, performance, and efficiency compared to older generations of DDR RAM modules.

  • However, DDR6 is two times faster than DDR5. 

  • In DDR5, the signal integrity issues in the memory bus and address bus make it important to use equalization in both of them.  


DDR5

DDR5 supports faster data rates up to 8400 MT/s

RAM is a vital memory element that enables the fast performance of PCs, smartphones, cloud computing, and networking. RAM technology has evolved greatly over the years. The current technology is double data rate (DDR). The latest DDR generation is DDR5, which supports data rates up to 8400 MT/s and offers tighter timings than its predecessors. However, system architects recommend substituting DDR5 with DDR6, as next-generation computing is becoming more technologically advanced every day. In this article, we will discuss DDR5 vs. DDR6 as well as the signal integrity issues that can come up in  DDR5 memory design. 

DDR5 RAM Modules

Next-generation computers demand processing speeds like never before. Using older generations of RAM modules makes it challenging to work on large projects or open 10 browser tabs simultaneously while downloading a big file. DDR technology is necessary to support the processing of multiple operations seamlessly.

Current DDR RAM modules are competent when considering the high speed and timing requirements of new-generation computing tasks. DDR5 delivers phenomenal speed and high-end performance with reliability. DDR5 RAM modules are not only faster, but also efficient enough to load, transfer, and download a large amount of data with no time delays or interruptions of other ongoing processes. 

DDR5 vs. DDR6

As the information and technology industry marches towards the future, advanced memory and additional computational power become necessary. Systems engineers are increasing the number of CPU core counts as well. Considering this growth, DDR5 RAM modules will soon be inadequate.

Forecasting these computational and speed demands, systems architects are recommending DDR6 RAM modules for next-generation computers. When comparing DDR5 vs. DDR6, it is important to note that DDR6 is two times faster than DDR5. DDR6 RAM modules can reach speeds in the range of 12800 Mbps and go up to 17000 Mbps when overclocked. The number of memory channels per module of DDR6 is double compared to DDR5. And, compared to DDR5, the higher bandwidth and data rates of DDR6 allows the effortless handling of next-generation computing tasks, server workloads, massive data processing, cloud computing, and networking. 

Unfortunately, as memory modules evolve to higher generations, new challenges in PCB design arise. Let’s discuss the signal integrity issues that often occur in DDR5 designs—and keep in mind that these same issues might be exacerbated even more in DDR6 modules.

Signal Integrity Issues in DDR5 Designs

The new memory standards of DDR5 pose some challenging design issues. The design considerations made in DDR5 memory development to achieve higher speeds and lower voltages are bottlenecks that result in signal integrity challenges. In contrast to lower generations of DDR, DDR5 is vulnerable to signal integrity issues in the DDR DQ bus as well as the low-speed command address bus. The other generations of DDR memory modules up to DDR4 faced relatively fewer signal integrity issues in the command address bus. In DDR5, the signal integrity issues in the memory bus and address bus make it important to use equalization in both of them. 

Power delivery networks (PDN) in the latest DDR memory modules are intended to handle high clock speed and data rates without loss of signal integrity. The PDN is also responsible for the supply of clean power to the other locations in the memory module. With increasing speed and data rates, there is a higher probability for PDNs to be affected by electromagnetic interference and crosstalk.

To address the signal integrity design challenges in DDR5, a systems-level simulation in all the locations is required. The locations are inclusive of the DDR DQ bus as well as the command address bus. Similarly, increasing speed and data rates demand more emphasis on electromagnetic compatibility in DDR5 memory designs.

When comparing DDR5 vs. DDR6 designs, the severity of the signal integrity challenges designers might face must be considered. To design new technologies with DDR5 and DDR6 memory, you can trust the design features from Cadence.

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